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Posts Tagged ‘credhub’

Getting Started with CredHub in Concourse

05/10/2019 Comments off

First, some background – I promise to keep it short.  You should never have credentials in a public github repo.  Probably not good to have them in a private repo either.  At Pivotal, the github client is configured with credalert which complains when I try to push credentials to github.  I maintain compliance, I needed a way to update the stuff in the repo and have my credentials too.  Concourse supports a couple of AWS credential managers, Vault and Credhub.  Since CredHub is built-in to ops-manager-deployed BOSH director, we don’t have to spin anything else up.

The simplified diagram shows how this will work.  CredHub is on the BOSH director, so it’ll need to be reachable from the Concourse Web ATS service and anywhere the credhub cli will be used. If your BOSH director is behind a NAT, you may want to configure a DNAT, so it can be reached.

In this case, we’re using a “management/infrastructure” Operations Manager and BOSH director to deploy and manage concourse and minio.  The pipelines on concourse will be used to deploy and maintain other foundations in the environment.

Configure UAA

  1. Logon to the ops manager and navigate to status to record the IP address of the BOSH director.  If your BOSH director is behind a NAT, locate it’s DNAT instead.
  2. Navigate to the credentials tab.  We’re going to need the uaa_login_client_credentials password and the uaa_admin_client_credentials password.
  3. While here, save the ops manager root ca to your computer.  From the installation dashboard, click on your name in the upper right, select Settings.  Then click Advanced and Download Root CA.
  4. SSH into your ops manager:  ubuntu@<ops manager name or IP>
  5. Set uaac target

    uaac target https://<IP of BOSH director>:8443 –ca-cert /var/tempest/workspaces/default/root_ca_certificate

  6. Login to uaac – ok, this gets awkward

    uaac token owner get login -s <uaa_login_client_credentials>

    • Replace <uaa_login_client_credentials> with the value you saved
    • When prompted for a username enter admin
    • For password enter the uaa_admin_client_password value you saved
    • You should see “Successfully fetched token…”
  7. Create a uaac client for concourse to use with credhub

    uaac client add –name concourse-to-credhub –authorized-grant-types client_credentials –authorities credhub.read,credhub.write –access-token-validity 30 –secret MySecretPassword

    Please replace MySecretPassword with something else

  8. Create a uaac user for use with the CredHub cli

    uaac user add credhub –email credhub@whatever.com -p MySecretPassword

Try out Credhub cli

    1. Download and install the credhub cli.  On mac, you can use brew install credhub
    2. From a terminal/command line run this to point the cli to the credhub instance on the BOSH director:

      credhub api -s <IP of BOSH director>:8844 –ca-cert ./root_ca_certificate

      • Replace <IP of BOSH director> with the name or reachable IP of the director
      • root_ca_certificate is the root CA from ops manager you downloaded earlier
    3. Login to credhub:

      credhub login -u credhub -p MySecretPassword

      User and pass are from the User we added to uaa earlier

    4. Set a test value:

      credhub –type:value –name=/testval –value=hello

      Here’s we’re setting a key (aka credential) with the name /testval to the value “hello”. Note that all the things stored in credhub start with a slash and that there are several types of credentials that can be stored, the simplest being “value”

    5. Get our value:

      credhub –name /testval

      This will return the metadata for our key/credential

Configuring Concourse to use CredHub

Concourse TSA must be configured to look to credhub as a credential manager. I’m using BOSH-deployed concourse, so I’ll simply update the deployment manifest with the new params. if you’re using concourse via docker-compose, you’ll want to update the yml with the additional params as described here.

For concourse deployed via BOSH and using concouse-bosh-deployment, we’ll include the /operations/credhub.yml file and the additional params.  For me this looks like

bosh -e core deploy -d concourse concourse.yml \
-l ../versions.yml \
–vars-store cluster-creds.yml \
-o operations/static-web.yml \
-o operations/basic-auth.yml \
-o operations/scale.yml \
-o operations/privileged-http.yml \
-o operations/credhub.yml \
–var web_ip=192.168.100.205 \
–var external_url=http://concourse.ragazzilab.com \
–var network_name=INFRA \
–var web_vm_type=small.disk \
–var db_vm_type=small.disk \
–var azs=[BOSH] \
–var db_persistent_disk_type=10240 \
–var worker_vm_type=concourse.worker \
–var deployment_name=concourse \
–var local_user.username=myuser \
–var local_user.password=mypass \
–var web_instances=1 \
–var worker_instances=1 \
–var syslog_address=syslog.ragazzilab.com \
–var syslog_port=514 \
–var syslog_permitted_peer=syslog.ragazzilab.com \
–var credhub_url=”https://192.168.100.200:8844 ” \
–var credhub_client_id=concourse-to-credhub \
–var credhub_client_secret=MySecretPassword \
–var credhub_ca_cert=”$(cat root_ca_certificate)”

Test a pipeline

    1. Use credhub cli to create a value

      credhub set –name /concourse/main/hello-credhub/hello –value World

      Concourse has a default pattern for looking up interpolation values. It’s /concourse/<team name>/<pipeline name>/<key>

    2. Get the test pipeline from here.

      jobs:
      – name: hello-credhub
      plan:
      – do:
      – task: hello-credhub
      config:
      platform: linux
      image_resource:
      type: docker-image
      source:
      repository: ubuntu
      run:
      path: sh
      args:
      – -exc
      – |
      echo “Hello $WORLD_PARAM”
      params:
      WORLD_PARAM: ((hello))

    3. Use fly to set the test pipeline

      fly -t concourse login -c http://concourse -u myuser -p mypass -n main
      fly -t core sp -p hello-credhub -c hello-credhub.yml

    4. Run the test pipeline in concourse. If all goes well, it should say Hello World”